Medical Anthropology

Is Health Subjective?

For Anthropology 2017 we tackled some big questions anthropology has attempted to answer. As part of a chapter in Anthropology: What Does it Mean to be Human?, “How is Anthropology Applied in Medicine?” (Lavenda and Schultz 2015:447-474), a big question: “Is Health Subjective?” We also watched Paul Farmer’s I believe in health care as a human right on YouTube.

Perceptions of health and illness

Lavenda and Schultz begin with a strong statement about the need to understand the perception of health and illness: “In the United States, many people understand health as a state of physical, emotional, and mental well-being, together with an absence of disease or disability that would interfere with such well-being. Anthropologists recognize, however, that what counts as wellness or its opposite is very much shaped by people’s cultural, social, and political experiences and expectations” (2015:448).

In Is the Developed World We’ve Created Giving Us Cancer? (June 2017) Chelsey Kivland asks an important question: “Why do people, across cultures and societies, tend to focus on the individual person as the unit of analysis?” Kivland answers:

For one, it is fundamentally easier than focusing on a system: social, political, or ecological. Laying blame on a person or a gene also plays neatly into the cultural metaphors we’ve sustained about all sorts of illness: that disease is a consequence of personal rather than societal failings. This certainly locates blame in the afflicted, protecting the well from facing their individual fears of illness. But it severely limits our ability to understand and eradicate collective epidemics, like cancer.

Anthropology Blog Resources on Health & Medical Anthropology

There are lots of resources available for questions of Medical Anthropology. The resources below are from the feeds of Anthropology Blogs. Please let me know about useful updates!

Forthcoming Medical Anthropology Sections

Is healthcare a right or a consumer item?

Why has medical anthropology become more prominent?

Biocultural Approaches to Health

Is Health Subjective? Embodied Inequality and Structural Violence

Moving Away from Dystopia

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